In 1995 Aguas de Barcelona (AgBar) entered a joint venture with the Municipality of Cartagena (represented by the Mayor and the Office of Community Participation) to create Aguas de Cartagena (Acuacar). These worked together in El Pozn, one of the Municipality's poorest districts, whose residents were represented by Community Committees (Juntas de Accin Comunal & Juntas Administradoras Locales who have signed agreements with Acuacar). MPDL, an international NGO, under contract to Acuacar, conducted surveys in El Pozn. The World Bank, via a loan to the Municipality, supported the development of water and sanitation infrastructure in Cartagena. A Bogota-based regulator and a citizen watchdog group, FUNCICAR, also played minor roles.