The project included the following elements:
i] Ethnographic research (aimed at establishing a framework for understanding the behaviour of inhabitants of low-income neighbourhoodsn in relation to water services)
ii] Research on appropriate technology (the condominial system*)
iii] Technological implementation (including consultation with beneficiary communities, preliminary design, construction plus supervision, usage and maintenance training)
iv] Monitoring and systematisation of implementation
v] Institutionalisation (the development of a new set of standards and regulations for approval by the Ministry of Housing and Basic Services)
*In Condominial systems, one network runs through the whole block, with a communal connection to the main network. This means smaller pipe diameters, fewer pipes and shallower trenches, whilst maintenance is assumed to be the responsibility of individual households.